Social dialogue is defined by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) to include all types of negotiation, consultation or simply exchange of information between, or among, representatives of governments, employers and workers, on issues of common interest related to economic and social policy.
It can exist as a tripartite process, with the government as an official party to the dialogue or it may consist of bipartite relations between labour and management (or trade unions and employer organisations), with or without indirect government involvement.
Dialogue can be informal or institutionalised and often it is a combination of both.
It takes place at either national, regional or company level.
It can be inter–professional, sectoral or a combination of all of those.
The social dialogue and the quality of industrial relations are at the centre of the European social model. The social dialogue is the driving force behind successful economic and social reforms. It has arrived at a crossroad, and has a considerable scope of action, extended further by the prospective of enlargement and the backup it requires. It is the vehicle for core values of participation and responsibility based on firmly rooted national tradition and provides a suitable framework for managed modernisation, also in the candidate countries. To take on this role properly at European level, it needs to broaden its practices, diversify its operational methods and use, to its best advantage the entire bargaining area.
The legal framework
The treaty of Rome, modified by the treaties of Maastricht and Amsterdam, makes the European Commission responsible for promoting and supporting the European social dialogue.
For the sportsector there is a test phase of European social dialogue in sports in the year 2013 and 2014. It will be evaluated at the end of 2014.
You can download the main agreements in our sector here.
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Today, employers have their say in the sport and active leisure sector at the European level through EASE and have an important part to play in the building of an effective employer network across the European Union. Read more.